Theorist: Carl Rogers 1902-1987

Theory: Founder of the humanistic (experiential) approach to psychology. His theory was based on 19 propositions. Proposition 14 was about "optimal development", which Rogers described as the good life - when an organism continually aims to fulfill its full potential. Roger's theory is called Rogerian Theory.

Timeline: On Becoming a Person (1961). A Way of Being (1980), Nobel Peace Prize (1987)

Description: Known for the person-centered approach and student-centered/directed, self-discovered learning. Known for practicing "unconditional positive regard," which is defined as accepting a person "without negative judgement of a person's basic worth". Rogers saw people as basically good. He believed in experiential learning and though cognitive learning was meaningless. He wanted learners to express themselves and participate in their own learning.
Rogers listed qualities and attitudes that facilitate learning: 1. Be yourself, meet learner on a person-to-person basis. 2. Care for or accept the learner as an imperfect human being with feelings and potentialities. 3. Do not evaluate or judge - simply understand the learner from their point of view.
Roger - on education: 1. We cannot teach another person directly - we can only facilitate learning. 2. Remove threats, boundaries, structures. 3. Create an environment for engagement.

Major Works: Nobel Peace Prize for his work with national intergroup conflict in South Africa and Northern Ireland. Wrote On Becoming a Person (1961).

Learning Transfer: experiential, integration of theory and practice, learning style inventories, out-of-class activities, learning journals, sharing past experiences with others and relating to work situation, reflection